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Treatment VS Punishment

Treatment vs. Punishment Student’s Name Course name and number Instructor’s name Date submitted Treatment vs. Punishment Most countries are plagued by discreditable and disproportionate treatment of the minority throughout the process of justice which is regarded as a corrective approach towards crimes among juveniles. Notably people commit crime across all ages. However it is important to note that the brains of adults and juveniles respond differently towards different treatments and especially punishment. The issue on whether to impose treatment or punishment to juveniles who commit crimes in the juvenile justice system has been a controversial issue in many justice systems in several countries. This is due to the diversity in beliefs values and perceptions regarding how to handle crimes among the young people to prevent the upbringing of criminals in the society. This brings about the variations in the judicial systems in different countries. Therefore this paper aims at A Casebook edited by T.D. Cook H. Cooper D.S. Cordray H. Hartmann L.V. Hedges R.J. Light T.A. Louis and F. Mosteller. New York NY: Russell Sage Foundation. Listwan S. J. (2013). Introduction to juvenile justice. San Diego CA: Bridgepoint Education Inc. Morewitz S. J. (2003). Treatment and Incarceration. New Patterns of Trauma and Obsession 97-108. National Criminal Justice Reference Service. (2012). Youth violence – Statistics. Retrieved from www.ncjrs.gov of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention – Juvenile Arrest Rates (www.ojjdp.gov Raia A. & Hirschfield P. (2014). Rehabilitation for Juveniles. The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Weis J.G. and Hawkins J.D. (2011). Reports of the national juvenile justice assessment centers: Preventing delinquency. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs National Institute for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Whitehead J.T. and Lab S.P. (2009). A meta-analysis of juvenile correctional treatment. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 26(3):276-295.
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Treatment versus Punishment: That is the Question!
When looking at the relationship between social justice and juvenile justice, there are two overarching concepts when addressing juvenile delinquency – treatment and punishment. These two concepts have driven a cycle of changes in the juvenile justice system over the years. Your task is to support your premise that your state or city should either implement a philosophy of treatment or punishment for juvenile offenders for a specific crime or criminal justice issue identified in your paper.

Explain the differences between the treatment and punishment concepts. Build the case for which one you believe has the stronger position based on your research and the crime or criminal justice issue you selected to study.
Review the juvenile crime statistics between three cities or states in three different parts of the country (e.g., Boston, Chicago, and Seattle) for a crime or criminal justice issue. Incorporate a graphic display to present your findings. Be sure to include at least three demographic items, such as gender, ethnicity, race, education, or socio-economic status, in your analysis. Ensure you standardize your data (i.e., 1:1000; 1:10,000; or 1: 100,000) and incorporate the scale in a key for each chart.
Identify the prevailing thought in the city or state: Is it treatment or punishment? Analyze the differences in the recidivism rates between the cities or states you have selected? Is recidivism the best indicator of success or failure or should we use a different indicator?
In Chapters 2 and 3 of the text, our author addresses biological, psychological and sociological theories to help explain juvenile delinquency. Evaluate which of these theories would best support your thesis.
Support which juvenile justice intervention strategy would be effective to counter the crime or criminal justice issue based on your research?
Conclude with a summary of which concept (treatment or punishment) best supports the over arching concept of social justice?
The paper must be ten to twelve pages in length and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least six scholarly resources (at least four of which must be found in the Ashford Online Library) other than the textbook to support your claims. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.

Writing the Final Paper
The Final Paper:

Must be ten to twelve double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a title page with the following:
Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted
Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
Must use at least six scholarly resources, including a minimum of four from the Ashford University Library.
Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

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