The Electoral College has recently received many critics on abolishing it. Notably, the Electoral College is a body that comprises of people representing states in the United States. The body is responsible for casting the President and vice president’s votes on behalf of the citizens. This power is vested to the body through the United States constitution. The Electoral college was formally introduced for the presidential election, and many people saw it as a democratic way of electing their leaders. However, today there are many critics supporting the Electoral College, and others seek its abolishment. This resulted from two elections where the college elected President who did not win the popular votes. Following these situations, people have argued for and against the President being elected by the Electoral College.
As the Electoral college is being accused of election distortion, different groups have risen to support its course. For instance, Byron E. Shafer, one of the famous American authors, indicates that the Electoral college should not be abolished as it does not affect people’s will in the elections. In his text, he presented a 1960s and 1970 scenario, which the proponents accused the college of distorting popular votes overriding the people’s will. On the other hand, opponents defended the Electoral College by arguing that the candidates campaigned in the most competitive states, where the elector bloc could easily swing, forgetting or paying less attention to neglected areas where votes could not easily shift (Loomis & Shafer ,2006). This leads to a difference in popular and electoral votes supporting his argument on why the college should not be abolished.
Additionally, proponents supporting the electoral college argue that removing the college will reshape candidates’ electoral strategies and fields. According to Shafer, the two major parties guarantee their nominees and deter the third party, the candidates’ field through the electoral college. He also argues that as the two major parties present two major competitors, their nominees’ coronation deters independent candidacy. In this respect, removing the college will reshape the electoral strategy. Moreover, the removal of the electoral college will make candidates spend most of their time on televisions and in rallies in big towns. This will make them not to attend in scarcely-populated areas (Beckwith, 2016). Beckwith also adds that the eventual winner in the popular votes will lead to disservice, especially in rural areas. More money would be raised for campaigns, and only celebrities will become viable candidates (Beckwith, 2016).
On the other hand, arguments supporting the abolishment of the electoral college claim that the college is anti-democratic. They argue that the President should be decided based on popular votes. For instance, in the Washington Post opinion article, Heuvel suggests that with the increased number of election voter turnover, it is essential to promote the one-man-one-vote rule so that the majority votes winner automatically becomes the President. In addition, the article accuses the college of selecting the President for people. Giving the example of a tie for the top candidates, Heuvel indicates that the house decides who to be the President, which overturns the people’s will (Heuvel, 2020).
Burdett Loomis is another author supporting the criticism that president should be elected directly the people. He accuses the college of a successful failure and called it a political experiment in his argument. He claims that the abolition of the electoral college will improve the elections’ transparency and equality. This is because the President will be determined by popular votes other than the involvement of the chosen few. In addition, he claims that the electoral college was a political experiment used select the president using a framer (Loomis & Shafer ,2006). The framer frames who to be the President despite the popular votes. In my opinion, from the above argument, the electoral college should not be abolished. This is because it helps bring equity to all people in America despite their geographical area. The electoral college gives voice even to the minority groups, and hence on some occasion, as Shafer indicate, the candidate with majority votes may lose the presidential seat.
Beckwith, R. T. (2016, November 17). Here’s How Campaigns Would Work If We Abolished the Electoral College. Time. Retrieved February 25, 2022, from https://time.com/4573821/electoral-college-popular-vote-campaigns/
Heuvel, K. V. (2020, November 3). Opinion: No matter who wins, it’s time to get rid of the electoral college. The Washington Post. Retrieved February 25, 2022, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/11/03/no-matter-who-wins-its-time-get-rid-electoral-college/
Loomis, B. & Shafer, E. B. (2006). Resolved, the president should be elected directly by the people. Debating the presidency.