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Name Instructor Institution Course Date Parenting Contributes To a Lot When It Comes To Children Development Parenting goes far beyond the necessities for meeting the child’s survival needs and then parents have an essential influence on how their children turn out including; It is very important for a parent to give a good start for their children. The parenting decisions also affect how their children turnout emotionally socially and physically. A very important factor in the children’s emotional development is how warm caregivers are.
WIth a minimum of 85 words respond positively to: You may not realize it but parenting contributes to a lot when it comes to the development of children, starting with self-concepts. Self-concepts consist of observable characteristics, such as their name, physical appearance, possessions, and everyday behaviors (Harter, 2012a; Watson, 1990). A more positive, coherent early self-concept is fostered by a warm, sensitive parent-child relationship. Securely attached preschoolers participate in more elaborative parent-child conversations about personally experienced events, which help them understand themselves (Berk & Meyers, 2016). Another aspect emerging is self-esteem, which are among the most important aspects of self-development. Parenting in this case effects the outcome and reaction of the child. If the parents are encouraging, the child will be enthusiastic and highly motivated. In contrast, children with a history of parental criticism of their worth and performance give up easily when faced with challenges and express shame and despondency after failing (Kelley, Brownell, & Campbell, 2000). Soon enough, they start to gain emotional understanding. Young preschoolers refer to causes, consequences, and behavioral signs of emotions, and over time their understanding becomes more accurate and complex (Thompson, Winer, & Goodvin, 2011). When parents label emotions, explain them, and express warmth and enthusiasm when conversing with the preschoolers, the more “emotion words” children use and the better developed their emotional understanding (Fivush & Haden, 2005; Laible & Song, 2006). The more in depth that you discuss this with them, the more they understand. Parenting is also a big deal when it comes to emotional self-regulation. Self-regulation is the ability to manage the experience and expression of emotion (Cole, Armstrong, & Pemberton, 2010). Child learn ways to regulate their feeling by watching their parents do it. Parents in tune with their own emotional experiences tend to be supportive and patient, offering suggestions and explanations of emotional-regulation strategies that strengthen children’s capacity to handle stress (Meyer et al., 2014; Morris et al., 2011). In contrast, when parents rarely express positive emotions, dismiss children’s feelings as unimportant, and fail to control their own anger, children’s emotion management and psychological adjustment suffer (Hill et al., 2006; Thompson & Meyer, 2007). Next, children start feeling self-conscious emotions; feeling that involve injury to or enhancement of their sense of self. When parents comment on the worth of the child and their performance, children then feel self-conscious emotions more intensely. When parents focus on how to improve performance, they induce moderate, more adaptive levels of shame and pride and greater persistence on difficult tasks (Kelley, Browned, & Campbell, 2000; Lewis, 1998). Lastly, is empathy and sympathy; feeling with another person and responding emotionally in a similar way and feeling of concern or sorrow for another’s plight. Preschoolers develop empathetic concern in the context of secure parent-child attachment relationships (Murphy & Liable, 2013). Children react with concern to other’s distress when their parents react in a warm, encouraging of emotional expression, and sensitive way towards them. When their parents are angry and punitive, they disrupt the child’s development of empathy and the children respond with high personal distress (Valiant et al., 2004). Their parents reactions to them, resembles their reactions to others. Parenting is a big deal and should not be taken lightly when it comes to the child’s development, this is a critical time for them to learn. I see an authoritative child rearing parenting style association with the positive development of all of these concepts listed above. Warm, attentive, and sensitive parents create warm, attentive, and sensitive children.

These four main child rearing styles can majorly affect the outcomes of how your child develops. A positive outcome is of course what every parent should want for their child’s development. The most successful style out of these child rearing styles is authoritative. It involves high acceptance and involvement, adaptive control techniques, and appropriate autonomy granting. This provides warmth, attentiveness, and sensitivity to their child’s needs, producing an enjoyable, emotionally fulfilling parent-child relationship. Also, when necessary, these parents exercise firm, reasonable control. They also allow the child to make decisions where they are ready to do so (Baumrind, 2013; Kaczynski & Lollis, 2002; Russell, Mize, & Bissaker, 2004). Authoritarian is cold and rejecting, Permissive is warm but overindulgent or inattentive, and Uninvolved is emotionally detached and withdrawn; making authoritative the best with the most positive outcome. Some of the factors that can influence individuals approach to parenting are the family characteristics, child characteristics, parent characteristics, the community, and the culture. The culture plays a part because the cultural values, laws, and customs affect the chances of maltreatment occurring when parents are overburdened. The community plays a part because majority of abusive/neglectful parents are isolated from formal and informal social supports or live in unstable, rundown neighborhoods. Family characteristics play a part because parents with low income, low education, unemployment, substance abuse, martial conflict, or overcrowding issues deal with more stress may become overwhelmed resulting in possible lashing out at their children. Child characteristics play a part because a more challenging, sick, temperamental, inattentive, or overactive child; or a child with developmental issues are bigger targets of abuse. Lastly, parent characteristics play a pretty big part because maltreating parents are less skillful in handling discipline confrontations, getting children to cooperate and suffer from biased thinking about their child. They evaluate children’s transgressions as worse than they are and feel powerless in parenting which usually quickly results in moving toward physical force. Stress is the most strongly associated with maltreatment. All this factors, can play a part in how to handle situations as a parent, which then results in how you parent and the child rearing style you fit into.

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